Syngonium podophyllum, or Arrowhead Vine, is a perennial vine native from Mexico to Panama. In the juvenile form, most of the leaves are sagittate, to subhastate, to hastate in form. Leaves will reach up to 1 foot (30 cm) long by one-third as wide with up to 2-foot (60 cm) petioles. Leaves in the adult form are pedate. In the image, both forms of leaves are visible. Plants will reach up to 15 feet (4.5 m) in length. They are easy to grow and make a good plant for interiorscapes and for containers.
Blooming Time: Plants will usually bloom in the spring outdoors. Sometimes they will bloom in containers, if conditions are right. The blooms are white spathes about 4 inches (10 cm) long. Not very showy.
Culture: Syngonium podophyllum need a rich well-drained soil mix with partial shade to high interior lighting. In the greenhouse, we use a soil mix consisting of 2 parts peat moss to 2 parts loam to 1 part sand or perlite. The plants are well watered, then allowed to dry slightly before watering again. In containers, they are fertilized on a monthly basis with a balanced fertilizer. If planted in interiorscapes, they should be watered regularly. Plants should be supported for good growth. During the winter months, water should be restricted, but the plants should never be allowed to dry out thoroughly.
Propagation: Syngonium podophyllum are propagated by cutting or by air layers.
Syngonium podophyllum was featured as Plant of the Week January 30-February 5, 2004.
Guide to Past Plants-of-the-Week:
Cal's Plant of the Week was provided as a service by the University of Oklahoma Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology and specifically the late Cal Lemke, who used to be OU's botany greenhouse grower and an avid gardener at home as well. If the above links don't work, then try the overview site. You may also like to look at the thumbnail index. ©1998-2012 All rights reserved.